I’m going to assume this has happened to anyone who’s ever cuddled anyone and has a penis.
Source (find the exact comic yourself; at least I linked you to the webpage)
no, no, dont do this, please, if you are cuddling w/ me your boner is like a compliment and i welcome you to grind that shit into the back of my legs
if we are spooning and there isn’t a boner pressed into my butt I will assume you don’t actually like me and get really upset
Bones next to the butt are nice
Butt bones are the best bones.
where the women of tumblr make me feel better about having a boner when cuddling
I’m laughing so hard
I cut my hair short again, I love it.
this tweet is the real reason why romney lost the election
The sad part of this ask is really that having a cartoon reflect its audience in any way is something that needs to be proven, especially considering there is literally nothing that could be described as “historically accurate” about that film, since it’s not meant to be historical in any way. Since this is one I’ve actually SEEN, I can safely say that there’s really nothing about it that reflects Medieval German society. In fact, the only society or culture that is reflects at all is contemporary American society, with all the people of color “mysteriously” erased.
If you want some resources on Medieval German art, probably the most important and influential subject would be Saint Maurice. You can also just filter for Germany, and look through the works I have posted for various eras in that region.
As for the film itself, it’s blithely based on nowhere in particular, at no time in particular, as analyses of the clothing the characters wear demonstrate. But of course, since that’s not a socially charged issue, no one seems to care about that inaccuracy.
The claim that it “takes place” in Germany because it’s supposedly a “German” story, because the Brothers Grimm or whatever, is also pretty dubious. Moreover, many of the Grimm’s tales were of French or other origin, and their purpose was to generate a sense of Nationalism and “purity” of German culture. They heavily modified the tales they wrote down to accomplish these aims, adding morals, antisemitism, christian values, color-coded “good v evil” tropes, and sanitizing certain elements of the tales.
Their version of Rapunzel is actually adapted from an Italian story written by Giambattista Basile in the 1600s, called “Petrosinalla” (Parsley). this in turn was inspired by possibly the Greek legend of Danae, and/or the story of the Martyrdom of Saint Barbara (locked in a tower by her father, beheaded for converting to Christianity), which is depicted in several illuminated manuscripts and paintings I’ve posted here, which sometimes includes a Black executioner:
Or just people of color who happen to be there:
(This executioner is meant to be visibly pagan, as was Barbara’s father. The onlookers are probably meant to be Christian, witnessing the martyrdom to spread the word and whatnot. I’m basing this on similar paintings whose stories match with this kind of composition of a martyrdom.)
Because, you see, it wasn’t a prince who got into Saint Barbara’s tower window, it was God.
What does any of this prove, though, really? Nothing. Because you can’t “prove” historical inaccuracy for something that’s already wildly historically inaccurate. Tangled is not based in history. It’s loosely based off of a Grimm’s tale that was loosely based off of an Italian tale that was loosely based off a tale about a Saint who was locked in a tower by her father and then executed.
The only thing that is supposed to justify the ubiquitously white cast of Tangled in the mistaken assumption that the entirety of Europe was homogeneously white during the entire 700 years or so it *could* have taken place. It randomly has Vikings in it , who are also apparently homogeneously white, so apparently it’s easier to travel from Scandinavia somewhere to Germany than it is to any of these other places the Vikings also visited (or actually built settlements):
So you may ask yourself, why do you even CARE? It’s JUST some kid’s movie, right?
Well, apparently it matters a LOT to white people who are still reblogging this thread with outraged statements about HOW DARE U CRITICIZE A THING. With additional nonsense looking for something, anything to justify it somehow. There should have been white people in Mulan?
Do you really need more white people in kid’s media OR the film industry in general?
That line of reasoning only works if equal representation was already happening. To give a visual on why this is a mistake and hurts real children, I highly recommend this post. To learn more about Diney’s history of racial representation and their history of producing explicitly racist cartoons, this post is also highly visual.
Maybe it’s because it directly and negatively affects real, actual children who are watching movies like these. As well as because racist jerks make “jokes” about the hair of people of color, especially Black women.
As you can see, there really is no “proof” that will ever be good enough for people who are that invested in “keeping white media white”, so to speak. Because that’s what they are honestly supporting. A measurably massive inequality exists and will continue to exist as long as people, including those who consider themselves “good people”, “not racist” and “neutral parties”, continue to support this inequality and viciously silence those who criticize it.
Elsa - SAIDA (ME) : http://worldcosplay.net/member/93823
Anna - my sister :) <3
Satomi Shirai 白井里実
Going beyond the Western gender binary - unlearning our backward cultural conditioning
In Western colonial society (which dominates many aspects of the globalized, capitalist world today) we operate under the presumption that there are only two genders, male and female. But gender is a social construction. One’s options for what gender they identify with are shaped by the culture they are born into. Biological factors are most-often the primary driving forces that choose among the available socially-constructed gender categories.
Cultures around the world have different ways of talking about, thinking about, and identifying gender. It’s often a challenge for (particularly cis-sexual) Westerns to think about other ways gender can be socially constructed. Westerns have the false equivalency of gender and sex drilled into their eternal psyche from the time they are very young, and re-enforced through examples in popular culture. There is no biological reality to gender. Many Westerners have the bizarre belief that one’s XY-sex-determination should also inform one’s gender identity, a socially constructed role in society.
In some cultures, there is no distinction made between gender and sexual orientation and the same can be said for sexual orientation - our culture socially-constructs the options and our biology helps us identify which socially-constructed option feels most ‘right’ and best resonates with us.
I’ve attached some photos to offer some examples of non-colonial, non-Western construction of gender. They’ve all been uploaded onto our Facebook page photostream in case you’d like to ‘like’ or ‘share’ them there. There are literally hundreds of ‘third-gender’ identifying peoples around the world. The eight I’ve chosen are mostly examples I remember from some of my anthropology courses but if you google ‘third genders’ you can find many lists and examples.
Who cares? Why it matters.
The most obvious reason to care about the way our culture has constructed gender and sexual orientation is to deepen one’s capacity for solidarity with people who identify as transgender, transsexual, and others whose gender or sexual identity exists outside of binary Western culture.
But there are other reasons as well. Western culture’s binary nature often creates non-sensical, problematic binary identity constructions that are inherently problematic. For example, I believe that Western masculinity (dominance, aggression, lack of communication, lack of emotional expression, etc) is inherently problematic. I believe that to be the reason why most acts of large-scale-violence and terror are committed by men (see: 100% of the mass school shootings in the United States), and I believe it fosters a degree of internal misery within people who heavily adopt these particular ‘masculine’ traits.
In the age of information, and the age of global connectivity, there is no longer any reason (particularly for young people) to feel isolated or restricted to Western definitions of gender, sexual orientation and identity in general. I think the social ramifications of a generation where more and more people begin to identify outside of the gender binary would be tremendous, and I think we should all consider how we can unlearn our cultural conditioning to embrace other, perhaps less exploitative and dominating identities.
Background information on the identities depicted in the above images:
Hijras are male-body-born, feminine-gender-identifying people who live in South Asia (mostly in India & Nepal). Many Hijras live in well-defined, organized, all-Hijra communities, led by a guru.
Although many Hijras identify as Muslim, many practice a form of syncretism that draws on multiple religions; seeing themselves to be neither men nor women, Hijras practice rituals for both men and women.
Hijras belong to a special caste. They are usually devotees of the mother goddess Bahuchara Mata, Lord Shiva, or both.
Nandi female husbands
Among the Nandi in Western Kenya, one social identity option for women is to become a female husband, and thus a man in society’s eyes. Female husbands are expected to become men and take on all of the social and cultural responsibilities of a man, including finding a wife to marry and passing on property to the next generation through marriage. Female husbands may have lived their lives as women and may even be married to a man, but once she becomes a female-husband, she is expected to be a man. Women married to female-husbands may have sex with single men uninterested in commitment in order to become pregnant, but the female-husband (who is often an older woman, often a widow) will father the child of said pregnancy and treat the child like her own.
Two-Spirit is an umbrella term sometimes used for what was once commonly known as ‘berdaches’, Indigenous North Americans who fulfill one of many mixed gender roles found traditionally among many Native Americans and Canadian First Nations communities. The term usually indicates a person whose body simultaneously manifests both a masculine and a feminine spirit. Male and female two-spirits have been “documented in over 130 tribes, in every region of North America.”
In South America (with a large presence in Brazil), a travesti is a person who was assigned male at birth who has a feminine gender identity and is primarily sexually attracted to masculine men. Therefore, sometimes the distinction between gender identity and sexual orientation is not made. Travestis have been described as a third gender, but not all see themselves this way. Travestis often will begin taking female hormones and injecting silicone to enlargen their backsides as boys and continue the process into womanhood.
The work of cultural Anthropologist Don Kulick (a gay male by Western definitions) in Brazil demonstrated that gender construction in Brazil is binary (like Western gender construction), but unlike Western gender construction, instead of having a male-female binary, there is a male-notmale binary.
In this particular construction of gender:
- Males include: men who have sex with women, men who have sex with Travestis but are never on the receiving end of anal sex, men who have sex with men but are never on the receiving end of anal sex.
- Not-males include: women, men who receive anal sex from ‘male’ gay men or from Travestis.
Fa’afafine are the gender liminal, or third-gendered people of Samoa. A recognized and integral part of traditional Samoan culture, fa’afafine, born biologically male, embody both male and female gender traits. Their gendered behavior typically ranges from extravagantly feminine to mundanely masculine
Waria is a traditional third general role found in modern Indonesia. Additionally, the Bugis culture of Sulawesi (one of the four larger Sunda Islands of Indonesia) has been described as having three sexes (male, female and intersex) as well as five genders with distinct social roles.
Six Genders of old Israel
In the old Kingdom of Israel (1020–931 BCE) there were six officially recognized genders:
- Zachar: male
- Nekeveh: female
- Androgynos: both male and female
- Tumtum: gender neutral/without definite gender
- Aylonit: female-to-male transgender people
- Saris: male-to-female transgender people (often inaccurately translated as “eunuch”)
Australian scholar of sexual politics in Thailand Peter Jackson’s work indicates that the term “kathoey” was used in pre-modern times to refer to intersexual people, and that the usage changed in the middle of the twentieth century to cover cross-dressing males, to create what is now a gender identity unique to Thailand. Thailand also has three identities related to female-bodied people: Tom, Dee, and heterosexual woman.
EDIT: So let me clearly say that in no way am I intentionally encouraging white people (or anyone else) to appropriate these identities. Rather, I hope that this post and conversations like this will lead to an understanding of cultural diversity and other gender constructions/identities and an understanding that there is no biological reality to gender, and that gender manifests itself in many beautiful ways across many cultures.
I AM encouraging people in colonial society to have a less-binary, more nuanced approach to gender that doesn’t lead to so much domination and exploitation.
I also understand that in order to talk about these things, words like ‘male-bodied’ or male are inherently western concepts. Each of these societies and cultures have other ways of talking about these identities. Although I wasn’t born in the U.S. I have spent most of my life and the entirety of my adult life in the United States. I speak no languages other than English. There are concepts that I can’t understand, that my language limits me from even talking about, and in order to communicate these ideas, I am restricted by the only language I have available to talk about these concepts with. My perspective is etic. I do not belong to the above cultures, so when I talk about these things and use the English language to describe them, I am limited in my options for describing a concept as abstract as gender. The very categories of gender and sexuality belong to the cultural lens through which I view the world and I could not possibly provide a comprehensive emic analysis of the way the things we call ‘gender and sexuality’ actually are understood (if at all) within these cultures. In that way, mine is a very limited perspective. But it is geared toward other people living in Western society and it is aimed at changing this culture, not to appropriate these others but to not be so terrible toward gender and sexual variant people in this culture and to begin to question the implications of how we define gender and sexuality both personally, and as a whole culture.
Also, there’s some problematic stuff in the way I framed this and some of these only have one source.
this is so interesting
see, when I was living in Mexico I always thought Transvesti was a slur but it all could had been my dad’s fault and his underlined machismo